By Jim Shepard

Jim Shepard, J. Leland Miller Professor of American History, Literature and EloquenceImagine you come across a little girl in a sandbox, and you ask her what she’s building. If she says she doesn’t know, you don’t answer, “Well, then, get out of the sandbox.” If she says she’s building a castle, you don’t answer, “Oh, there’s an original idea. Nobody ever built a castle before. Think your castle’s going to be any different than anybody else’s?”

If that little girl has poise, she might respond, “I don’t know. I haven’t built it yet.”

Those inner children who just want to be left alone to play—where would any of the artists we most admire be without them? Walter Murch, the great film editor responsible for movies like Apocalypse Now and The Conversation, once pointed out: “As I’ve gone through life, I’ve found that your chances for happiness are increased if you wind up doing something that’s a reflection of what you loved most when you were somewhere between 9 and 11 years old.”

I tell my students: Do you feel like complaining, when starting to write, that nothing ever happens to you? Then think back. And if you still feel like complaining, then go engage the world. Something’s always happening to it.

I want to enlarge my knowledge of the world because the world is such a staggering and uncanny and heartbreaking place. As a writer, I also want to do so because it’s a way of enlarging the arena of my autobiographical obsessions. It’s a way of expanding those elements in my background that are working to proscribe all of my choices.

In other words, I’ve finally started to fully understand the importance of letting the world teach me. Years ago I discovered that Émile Zola, the 19th-century French novelist, wanting to fathom the lives of coal miners, followed them into the mines to research his novel Germinal. Deep below ground he saw a gigantic workhorse, a Percheron, dragging a sled through a tunnel. Zola asked how they got that animal in and out of the mine each day. When the miners realized he wasn’t joking, one of them said, “Mr. Zola, that horse comes down here once, when he’s a foal, still able to fit in the buckets that bring us down here. He grows up down here. He grows blind down here. He hauls coal down here until he can’t anymore, and then he dies down here, and his bones are buried down here.”

That’s a metaphor for—and an epiphanic and empathetic understanding of—the miners’ lives that the world taught Zola, and to which he had to be receptive, in order to write the novel he wrote.

The first worry writers have when they consider working with something like historical or real events has to do with the issue of authority—as in, where do I get off writing about that? Well, here’s the good and bad news, when it comes to authority: Where do you get off writing about anything?

Writers shouldn’t lose sight of the essential chutzpah involved in trying to imagine any other kind of sensibility. And we should take heart from that chutzpah, as well. The whole project of literature—the entire project of the arts—is about the exercise of the empathetic imagination. Why were we given something as amazing as imagination, if we’re not going to use it?

–Jim Shepard, the J. Leland Miller Professor of American History, Literature, and Eloquence at Williams, is the author of six novels and numerous award-winning short stories and essays. This essay is based on a piece he wrote for O, The Oprah Magazine, and a talk he gave July 16 as part of the Williams Thinking series. Watch his talk at

Image credit: Michael Lionstar

Terra cotta horseRead the companion article: A Gift Horse

Part of the Williams College Museum of Art’s collection of ancient Greek objects, which numbers more than 200 (including pottery sherds), this nearly intact terra cotta figurine was given as a gift to the museum 35 years ago.